Tom kha kai

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Tom kha kai
Tom kha kai

Tom kha kai, tom kha gai or Thai coconut soup, pronounced [tôm kʰàː kàj]; Lao: ຕົ້ມຂ່າໄກ່, tom kha kai, pronounced , literally “chicken galangal soup” is a spicy and sour hot soup with coconut milk in Thai cuisine and Lao cuisine.

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Tom kha kai is  a spicy and sour hot soup with coconut milk in Thai cuisine and Lao cuisine.
Tom kha kai is a spicy and sour hot soup with coconut milk in Thai cuisine and Lao cuisine.

Ingredients

In Thailand, most tom kha kai recipes typically include coconut milk, galangal, kaffir lime leaves, lemongrass, Thai chili peppers, coriander (or dill weed), straw mushrooms (or shiitake or other mushrooms), chicken, fish sauce, and lime juice. Fried chilies are sometimes added.

Ingredients of Tom kha kai
Ingredients of Tom kha kai

Variations

In a Thai-style tom kha kai, dill weed is not used, whereas in a Lao-style tom kha kai, dill weed (phak si, Lao: ຜັກຊີ) is used. Dill weed is a common herb which is used in Lao cuisine. The Thais’ answer to dill weed (known in Thailand as phak chi Lao (Thai: ผักชีลาว), since it is known locally as a Lao herb) in Thai tom kha is coriander or cilantro (phak chi, Thai: ผักชี).

There are other versions of tom kha kai made with seafood (tom kha thale, Thai: ต้มข่าทะเล), mushrooms (tom kha het, Thai: ต้มข่าเห็ด), pork (tom kha mu, Thai: ต้มข่าหมู) and tofu (tom kha taohu, Thai: ต้มข่าเต้าหู้).